Preliminaries |

**I** | **NEW FRAMEWORKS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS** SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR F. BONTEMPI |

1 |
Handling Model Approximations and Human Factors in Complex Structure Analyses
L. Sgambi |

2 |
The Robust Design of Long Span Suspension Bridges
L. Catallo |

3 |
A Genetic Algorithm Approach for Performance Evaluation of Long Span Suspension Bridges
L. Sgambi and F. Bontempi |

4 |
Requirements and Main Aspects of an Intelligent Monitoring System for Long Span Bridges
K. Gkoumas |

5 |
The Heightening of an Old Masonry Gravity Dam
S. Manenti, U. Ravaglioli and F. Bontempi |

6 |
Heuristic Methods for Solving Direct and Inverse Problems of Complex Structural Systems
S. Arangio |

7 |
Multilevel Approaches to the Analysis and Synthesis of the Serviceability Performance of a Long Span Suspension Bridge
F. Bontempi and F. Giuliano |

**II** | **INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING** SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR N.F. PAN |

8 |
Applying TRIZ to the Construction Industry
Y.H. Lin and P.C. Lee |

9 |
Performance Prediction of Highway Bridges using Fuzzy Regression Models
N.F. Pan |

10 |
Decision Making for Mobile City Infrastructure Strategic Planning
H.S. Wu and J.C. Li |

11 |
An Insurance Decision Model for Contractor's All Risks Insurance
P.C. Chiu and S.J. Guo |

12 |
Development Structure and Performance Evaluation for Applying Wireless Transmission to the Construction Industry
L.K. Lin, C.L. Cheng and S.X. Li |

13 |
Visual Information Transfer using Mobile IT Solutions
O.O. Koseoglu, B. Erdogan, Y. Nielsen, C.J. Anumba and N.M. Bouchlaghem |

14 |
Internet based Analytical Services using a Java based GUI
H.M. Chen and Y.C. Lin |

15 |
An Automated Visual-Aid System for Inspecting Concrete Bridges
N.J. Yau and H.K. Liao |

16 |
Intelligent Search Guides for the Construction e-Market
R.J. Dzeng, S.S. Wang and S.Y. Chang |

17 |
Bid-Price Determination Considering Cash-flow Effects
W.C. Wang, C.L. Lin and Y.H. Lu |

18 |
A Hybrid Soft Computing Approach for Knowledge Discovery in Construction Engineering
W.D. Yu and G.W. Fan |

19 |
Optimizing the Design of an Attribute Double Sampling Plan
T.M. Cheng and Y.L. Chen |

20 |
Information Needs and Direction for Construction ERP Development
A.S. Chang and K.P. Lee |

21 |
Study on the Mix Proportioning Design of Recycled Concrete by the Taguchi Method
Y.H. Lin, Y.Y. Tyan and P.C. Lee |

22 |
SPC-based Project Performance Evaluation System
S.S. Leu, Y.C. Lin and T.A. Chen |

23 |
Ontology Development for Semantic Web Based Services in Construction
D. Ruikar, C.J. Anumba, Z. Aziz, P.M. Carrillo and N.M. Bouchlaghem |

**III** | **COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR SAFETY IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT** SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR F.C. HADIPRIONO |

24 |
Selection of Construction Methods for Deep Foundation Excavations
N.F. Pan |

25 |
A Fuzzy Logic Model to Avoid Electrocution during Mobile Crane Operations
H.M. Al-Humaidi and F.C. Hadipriono |

26 |
A Fuzzy Logic Approach to Model Worker Safety in Deconstruction
M. Manohar, J.W. Duane and F.C. Hadipriono |

27 |
Evaluating Trench Safety using Fuzzy Logic
C.B. Patel and F.C. Hadipriono |

28 |
Retrieving Knowledge for Falsework Safety Inspection
C.C. Huang, N.S. Al-Kaabi and F.C. Hadipriono |

29 |
Using Fuzzy Logic Models for Safety Assessment of Tunnel Grouting
K.R. Al-Labadi and F.C. Hadipriono |

30 |
Development of Model-Based Systems for Integrated Design of Highway Bridges
M.R. Halfawy, F.C. Hadipriono, J. Duane and R. Larew |

31 |
A Fault Tree Analysis for Assessing Construction Safety based on Environmental Psychology
N.S. Al-Kaabi and F.C. Hadipriono |

32 |
Multivariate Analysis and the use of Fuzzy Logic for Garage Safety Evaluation
C.C. Tseng and F.C. Hadipriono |

33 |
Fuzzy-Random Reliability Analysis of Building Performance
X. Gu and Y. Lu |

34 |
Vulnerability Assessment of Industrial Facilities
I. Karimi, C. Butenweg and B. Toll |

35 |
Applications of Virtual Construction Environments in Improving Construction Site Safety
K.K. Naji |

**IV** | **ANALYSIS OF STEEL AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES** SESSION ORGANISED BY DR L.F. COSTA NEVES |

36 |
Finite Element Modelling of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams Subjected to Uniformly Distributed Loads
F.D. Queiroz, P.C.G.S. Vellasco and D.A. Nethercot |

37 |
Structural Analysis of T and KT Joints of a Steel Truss Structure using the Finite Element Method
L.F. Costa Neves, L.R.O. de Lima, S. Jordão and J.G.S. da Silva |

38 |
Post-Buckling Analysis of Thin-Walled Channel Columns in the Framework of the Generalized Beam Theory
P. Simão and L. Simões da Silva |

39 |
A Parametric Study of Composite Footbridges with Pedestrian Walking Loads
F.P. Figueiredo, J.G.S. da Silva and L.R.O. de Lima |

40 |
Dynamical Analysis for the Walking Induced Vibrations of Composite Floors
A.V.A. Mello, J.G.S. da Silva and L.R.O. de Lima |

41 |
Finite Element Analysis of Beam-to-Column Minor Axis Steel Joints
W.O. Bessa, L.F.L. Ribeiro, R.M. Gonçalves L.F. Costa Neves and F.C.T. Gomes |

42 |
Finite Element Modelling of Steel Webbed Joists
Z.W. Guan, K. Legakis and D.J. Pope |

43 |
Nonlinear Analysis and Tests of Prestressed Concrete Composite Girders with Steel Truss Webs
L. Huang, K. Niitani and H. Hikosaka |

44 |
Stress Analysis and Verification of the Web Weld Connection of Opened I-Beams in Composite Constructions
O.R.O. Cavalcante and L.M. Bezerra |

45 |
A Numerical Study of Concrete Filled Tubular Columns with High Strength Concrete
M.L. Romero, J.L. Bonet, S. Ivorra and A. Hospitaler |

46 |
The Non-linear Simulation of the Behaviour of Integral Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Framed Structures in Fire Conditions
S. Liu, Y. Li, X.X. Zha and J.Q. Ye |

47 |
Dynamic Characteristics of Composite Floors
S.S. De Silva and D.P. Thambiratnam |

**V** | **COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR CONCRETE STRUCTURES** SESSION ORGANISED BY DR A.F. ASHOUR |

48 |
Shear Performance of Concrete Beams Reinforced with CFRP Bars
A.F. Ashour |

49 |
Flexural Behaviour of CFRP Reinforced Concrete Flanged Beams
A.F. Ashour and M. Family |

50 |
Modelling and Analysis Issues in Assessing the Performance of RC Shear Walls
D. Coronelli, L. Martinelli and M.G. Mulas |

**VI** | **BUCKLING OF SHELLS** SESSION ORGANISED BY DR J. BLACHUT |

51 |
Discretely Supported Thin-Walled Steel Silo Shells: Advanced Buckling Design and Modelling Aspects
W. Guggenberger |

52 |
Lower Critical Stress Analysis of Axially Compressed Cylindrical Shells
K. Magnucki |

53 |
Buckling of an Isotropic Porous Cylindrical Shell
M. Malinowski and K. Magnucki |

54 |
Buckling of Axially Compressed Cylinders with Imperfect Length
J. Blachut |

55 |
Buckling of Corrugated Circular Cylinders under Uniform External Pressure
C.T.F. Ross |

**VII** | **DESIGN AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY** |

56 |
Looking for Flexible and Configurable Civil Engineering Enterprise Environments
R. Jardim-Gonçalves, F. Farinha and A. Steiger-Garção |

57 |
Design Process Improvement using a Single Model Environment
D. Ruikar, W. Tizani and R. Smith |

58 |
Integrated IFC based Collaborative Building Design using Internet Technology
D. Roshani and W. Tizani |

59 |
The IFC Steel Construction Extension
E. Holtzhauer and H. Saal |

**VIII** | **SOFTWARE ENGINEERING** |

60 |
An Object-Oriented Framework for Programming Iterative Solution Algorithms
R.I. Mackie |

61 |
Data Structures and Schema for Quality Assurance and Process Management in Finite Element Analysis
J. Dhayanidhi and S. Chandra |

62 |
A Process Model for Material Research Applied to Textile Reinforced Concrete
F. Peiffer and R. Chudoba |

63 |
Extending Software Development with XML Based Components
N. Anwar |

**IX** | **MESH GENERATION** |

64 |
Mesh Smoothing for Triangulations Defined on Surfaces
J.M. Escobar, R. Montenegro, G. Montero and E. Rodríguez |

65 |
A Modified Paving Algorithm
A. Dixit |

66 |
Automatic Constrained Meshing
A. Dixit |

67 |
A Hybrid Method for Triangulation of Three-Dimensional Domains
D. Rypl and Z. Bittnar |

**X** | **GRID COMPUTING** |

68 |
A Grid-based Application for the Three-dimensional Dynamic Analysis of High-Rise Buildings
J.M. Alonso, C. de Alfonso, V. Hernández and G. Moltó |

69 |
Towards a Grid Enabled Engineering Collaboration Environment
M. Dolenc, Z. Turk, P. Katranuschkov, K. Kurowski and M. Hannu |

**XI** | **DATA PROCESSING** |

70 |
A Method of Updating and Management of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Japan
T. Morii, I. Mikami and S. Kubota |

**XII** | **VIRTUAL REALITY** |

71 |
A Virtual Compressive Test for Structural Engineers
E.A.B. Koenders, E. Schlangen, E. Dado and K. van Breugel |

**XIII** | **INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT** |

72 |
Recommendations for an IT Strategy Plan for the Malaysian Construction Sector
M.J. Sulaiman, C.D. Theng, N.K. Weng, J. Adnan, Z. Usop and R. Usop |

73 |
Towards Better Housing Management: Service Life Planning in Achieving Sustainability for Affordable Housing
S.H. Tapsir, J.M. Yatim and F. Usman |

74 |
GIS Support for Optimizing Infrastructure Programs of Distributed Sites
T. Hegazy |

75 |
Improving Quality and Data Acquisition in Asset Management
J. Christian |

**XIV** | **CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT** |

76 |
An Innovative Project Controls System
N.N. Eldin and L.C. Lloyd |

77 |
Scheduling Construction Activities using Ant Colony Optimization
S. Christodoulou |

78 |
An Optimization Model for Workgroup-Based Repetitive Scheduling
R.Y. Huang and K.S. Sun |

79 |
Interaction with Virtual Three-Dimensional Models for the Visualisation of Construction Processes
A.Z. Sampaio, P.G. Henriques, P.S. Ferreira and R.P. Luizi |

80 |
Duration Sensitivity Risk Analysis in Construction Feasibility Management: A Case Study
P. Daneshmand |

81 |
A Web-based System for Managing Construction Information
A.P. Chassiakos and S.P. Sakellaropoulos |

82 |
Design Constructability and Space Management
P.P. Zouein and T. Franjieh |

**XV** | **ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING AND SIMULATION** |

83 |
Numerical Simulation of the Vortex Wave Flow in the Reactor for Wastewater Treatment
F.X. Liu, Z.J. Liu, Q.C. Shi and J.T. Zhou |

84 |
Innovative Approach in Simulation of Suspended Floc Formation in Activated Sludge
N. Khandani A., T. Donnelly and D.J. Elliott |

85 |
An Investigation into the Influence of Hydrogeological Conditions on LNAPL Migration
M.H.A. Mohamed |

86 |
Interaction between Physical, Chemical and Biological Processes in the Coastal Water off a River Mouth in a Post-Flood Condition
Y.M. Yustiani and A. Mano |

87 |
Preconditioning Shifted Linear Systems arising in a Wind Model
G. Montero, A. Suárez, E. Rodríguez, E. Flórez and M.D. García |

**XVI** | **WATER ENGINEERING** |

88 |
A Model for the Design of Water Harvesting Tanks
M.G. Shinde, I.K. Smout and S.D. Gorantiwar |

89 |
Application of GIS for Water Quality Management: Estimation of Nutrient Loads
A. Clement, A. Kovacs and K. Buzas |

90 |
A Fully Integrated Leakage Model for Water Distribution Networks
M. Tabesh and A.H. Asadiani Yekta |

**XVII** | **TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING** |

91 |
Urban City Traffic Simulation based on a Stochastic Velocity Model
T. Tamaki and E. Kita |

92 |
Development of a Procedure to Estimate Control Delay
M.A. Saif |

93 |
Reliability Analysis of Urban Transportation Networks by @Risk
A.S. Mohaymany and A. Golroo |

**XVIII** | **PAVEMENT ENGINEERING** |

94 |
Development of the Transition Matrix Calculator
S.B. Costello, J.J. Ortiz-García and M.S. Snaith |

**XIX** | **STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS** |

95 |
Topological and Graph Products: Eigenproblems for Optimal Structural Analysis
A. Kaveh and H. Rahami |

96 |
Geometric and Material Nonlinear Analyses of Elastically Restrained Arches
Y.L. Pi, M.A. Bradford, F. Tin-Loi and R.I. Gilbert |

97 |
An Efficient Implementation of Non-Linear Limit State Analysis based on Lower-Bound Solutions
L. Damkilde and L. Juhl Schmidt |

98 |
Transport Matrix Based Dynamic Stiffness Matrix of a Circular Helicoidal Bar
S.A. Alghamdi |

99 |
Estimation of the Critical Flutter Load of a Tapered Beam Simultaneously Subjected to a Follower Force and an Axial Force
I. Takahashi |

100 |
Suboptimal Cycle Bases for Analysis of Frames with Semi-rigid Joints
A. Kaveh, H. Moez and M.A. Barkhordari |

101 |
Analysis Methods for the Pretension Process of Flexible Cable-Strut Structures
H.Z. Yang, J.M. Ding and Q.L. Zhang |

**XX** | **FINITE ELEMENT TECHNIQUES: ANALYSIS, MODELLING AND DESIGN** |

102 |
Analysis and Design of the Foundations of Wind-Turbo Generators using the Finite Element Method
R.T. Teixeira and R.C. Barros |

103 |
Interaction between Vibration and Friction of a Block-Incline held by Magnets
M. Holland and D. Tran |

104 |
Study of the Brittle Fracture of Monocrystalline Silicon Wafers
J. Barredo, A. Fraile and E. Alarcón |

**XXI** | **FINITE STRIP METHOD** |

105 |
A Simple Method for the Inclusion of External and Internal Supports in the Spline Finite Strip Method for Buckling Analysis
Z. Vrcelj and M.A. Bradford |

**XXII** | **BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHODS** |

106 |
Combining a Similar Coefficient Identification Algorithm with the Boundary Element Method
L. Hermanns, I. del Rey, A. Fraile and E. Alarcón |

107 |
Analysis of 3D Flat Shell Structures by the Boundary Element Method
A.V. Mendonça and J.B. Paiva |

108 |
Flexural-Torsional Vibrations of Beams by the BEM
E.J. Sapountzakis and G.C. Tsiatas |

109 |
Boundary Element Analysis of Contact under Creep Conditions
C. Chandenduang and A.A. Becker |

110 |
Comparing BEM and FEM Strategies for the Computation of the Stress Intensity Factor using Singular and Non-Singular Elements
S.P.L. Leme, R.F. Lima, L.M. Bezerra and P.W. Partridge |

**XXIII** | **ELEMENT FREE ANALYSIS** |

111 |
Three-Dimensional Element Free Analysis using a Mapping Technique
T. Ohkami, M. Ohara and S. Koyama |

**XXIV** | **FLOW SIMULATION** |

112 |
Simulation of Fresh Concrete Flow
B. Patzák and Z. Bittnar |

**XXV** | **COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS** |

113 |
Sub-Grid-Scale Parameters in Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Compartment Fires
N.D. Pope and C.G. Bailey |

**XXVI** | **FLUID-STRUCTURE INTERACTION** |

114 |
Coupled Fluid-Structure Simulation of the Coriolis Flowmeter under Forced Vibration
N. Mole, G. Bobovnik, J. Kutin, B. ÂŠtok and I. Bajsic |

**XXVII** | **STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION** |

115 |
Plate Depth Refinement Applied to a Deep Cantilevered Beam
W.C. Christie and J.W. Bull |

116 |
A Study of Structural Topology Optimization based on ANSYS
Y.D. Liu and G. Bian |

117 |
A Hypo-ellipse Approximation for Bi-objective Structural Life Cycle Cost Optimization Problems
S.S. Abdelatif Hassanien, M.A. Maes and N. Shrive |

118 |
Topology Optimisation using the SERA Method with a BESO Bias on Element Admission
R.N. Brodie, O.M. Querin and D.C. Barton |

119 |
Optimization of Submerged Domes
K.K. Vo, C.M. Wang and Y.H. Chai |

120 |
Application of the Reduced Basis Method for Optimisation of Heat Conduction Problems
S.M.B. Afonso, P.R.M. Lyra and T.M. Albuquerque |

121 |
Optimum Design of the Link of an Inverted Tooth Chain
T.Y. Chen, B.C. Chung and S.J. Chiou |

122 |
Evolutionary Structural Optimization of Steel Gusset Plates
A.A. Khalaf and M.P. Saka |

123 |
Design and Optimisation of Cross Sections using Spreadsheet Analyses
P. Mark |

124 |
Multi-Objective Optimization of Laminated Cylindrical Panels using a Genetic Algorithm
M. Shakeri, A. Alibeigloo and A. Morowat |

**XXVIII** | **RELIABILITY AND STOCHASTIC TECHNIQUES** |

125 |
Numerical Study of Stochastic Stability of Structures
W.C. Xie |

126 |
Explicit Formulations for Reliability-Based Optimal Plastic Design Problems
K. Marti |

127 |
Reliability Analysis for Human Comfort under Random Vibration
J.E. Laier |

128 |
Non-linear Time-Dependent Post-Elastic Analysis and Reliability Assessment of a Suspended Cable Considering Creep Effects
S. Kmet, M. Tomko and J. Brda |

**XXIX** | **PLATES AND SHELLS** |

129 |
Plastic Buckling Analysis of Mindlin Plates using the Ritz Method
C.M. Wang, T.M. Aung and K.K. Vo |

130 |
Thermal Buckling Response of Three-Node Isoparametric Shear Flexible Element for Moderately Thick to Thin Plates
H.R.H. Kabir |

131 |
Elastic Stability Analysis of Simply-Supported Rectangular Plates under Arbitrary Loads
Y.G. Liu and M.N. Pavlovic |

132 |
The Performance of Allman's Membrane Finite Element for Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
E. Gal and R. Levy |

133 |
The Higher-Order Stiffness Matrix of a Simple Triangular Flat Plate Element for Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
J.T. Chang and I.D. Huang |

134 |
Computational Simulation of the Transient Elastic-Viscoplastic Response of Structural Components at High Temperature
R. Schmidt and M. Stoffel |

**XXX** | **NANO-SCALE MECHANICS** |

135 |
Stability Problems at Nanoscale
H. Rothert, G. Ernst and L. Nasdala |

136 |
Application of the Atomic-Scale Finite Element Method to Buckling and Post-Buckling of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
A.Y.T. Leung, X. Guo, X.Q. He, H. Jiang, S. Kitipornchai, Y. Huang and J.W.Z. Lu |

**XXXI** | **HYSTERESIS ANALYSIS AND MODELLING** |

137 |
A Discrete Quasi-Static Cyclic Material Model Incorporating Hysteresis for Quasi-Brittle Materials
S. Mertens, K. De Proft and J. Vantomme |

138 |
Solution of a Transient 2D Nonlinear Heat Diffusion Problem with the Multigrid Method
I. Jancskar and A. Iványi |

139 |
Finite Element Analysis of the Hysteretic Behaviour of Steel Frames with Semi-Rigid Connections
S. Liu, Y. Li and X.X. Zha |

140 |
Stability of Nonlinear Iteration in Diffusion Problems
Z. Sari and A. Iványi |

**XXXII** | **MATERIALS ENGINEERING** |

141 |
An Assessment of Incorporating Proportions of Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag as a Cement Substitute
K. Hassan, K. Hattori, H. Ogata and M. Ashraf |

142 |
A Numerical Method to Predict the Strength of Cellular Concrete Wall Panels
X.D. Phan, P. Mendis and S.L. Mak |

143 |
Finite Element Simulation of Damage Evolution in Dynamically Loaded Structures
R. Schmidt and M. Stoffel |

144 |
An Efficient Return Algorithm for Non-Associated Mohr-Coulomb Plasticity
J. Clausen, L. Damkilde and L. Andersen |

145 |
Adaptive Architecture: Responsive Building Technology
D. Clifford and E. Moore |

**XXXIII** | **COMPOSITE MATERIALS** |

146 |
Post-processing Techniques in Free Boundary Flows during Liquid Composite Moulding Processes
Z. Dimitrovová |

147 |
The Dynamic Behaviour of a Piezoelectric Sensor and Actuator Embedded in a Composite Cylinder
A.R. Daneshmehr and M. Shakeri |

148 |
Symplectic Method for a Piezoelectric Cantilever Beam
A.Y.T. Leung, J.J. Zheng and C.W. Lim |

**XXXIV** | **STEEL STRUCTURES** |

149 |
Computer Analysis and Design of Cold-Formed Purlins
J.P. Papangelis and G.J. Hancock |

150 |
Analysis of Steel Pipelines with Plain and Gouged Dents
J. Blachut and I.B. Iflefel |

151 |
Numerical Results on the Buckling Strength of Stiffened Elliptic Paraboloidal Steel Panel Shutters
A. Zingoni and V. Balden |

152 |
Analysis of Local-Plate/Distortional Mode Interaction in Cold-Formed Steel Lipped Channel Columns
P.B. Dinis, N. Silvestre and D. Camotim |

153 |
Repair of Cracked Steel I-Beams: Fracture Demand versus Force and Stress Criteria
S.S.F. Mehanny, O.M.O. Ramadan and H.G.Z. Nasralla |

154 |
Finite Element Modelling of Heat Curved Steel Girders
A.N. Gergess |

155 |
A Parametric Study of the Non-Linear Geometric Behaviour and Carrying Capacity of 3D Asymmetric Steel Frames
M.B. César and R.C. Barros |

**XXXV** | **STEEL CONNECTIONS** |

156 |
Study of the Bolt Pull-out Phenomenon from a Steel Plate
P. Iványi, M. Zygomalas and C.C. Baniotopoulos |

157 |
Modelling and Simulation of Endplate Connections and their Effects on Steel Frames
A.R. Kukreti and F.F. Zhou |

158 |
Second Order Analysis of Scaffolds with Semi-Rigid Connections
U. Prabhakaran, R.G. Beale and M.H.R. Godley |

159 |
Numerical Evaluation of Flange Thickness on the Contact Stress and Prying Action in T-Stub Steel Connections
C.A.S. Freitas, L.M. Bezerra and Y. Nagato |

160 |
Optimum Design of Socket Joint Systems for Space Structures using Second Order Approximation
J. Salajegheh, E. Salajegheh and S.M. Seyedpoor |

**XXXVI** | **MODELLING OF TALL BUILDINGS** |

161 |
Geometrically Nonlinear Behaviour of Stiffened Coupled Shear Walls
M.J. Fadaee , H. Saffari and H. Khosravi |

162 |
Quantitative Lateral Drift Control of Shear Wall-Frame Buildings
H.J. Lee and H.S. Kim |

**XXXVII** | **BUILDING TECHNOLOGY: MODELLING AND SIMULATION** |

163 |
Modelling of Heat and Moisture Transport in Buildings with Control Applications
X. Lü, T. Lu and M. Viljanen |

164 |
HMTB: A Computer Simulation Tool for Heat and Moisture Transfer in Buildings
T. Lu, X. Lü and M. Viljanen |

**XXXVIII** | **REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES** |

165 |
The Influence of Non-Linear Material Properties on the Global Convergence in the Finite-Element Analysis of Spatial Beams
D. Zupan and M. Saje |

166 |
Finite Element Analysis Considering Slip Behaviour of Tendons
H.G. Kwak and J.H. Kim |

167 |
Limited Ductility Plastic Analysis of Continuous Concrete Beams
B. Horowitz |

168 |
Bond Model for Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Impact Loading
F. Lin |

169 |
Estimation of Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Concrete Slabs
H.G. Kwak and S.J. Ha |

170 |
Computerized Analyses of Alternative Mechanical Models of Waffle Slabs using the Finite Element Method
R.H. Dias, J.B. Paiva and J.S. Giongo |

171 |
Computation of Effective Bending Stiffness of RC Telecommunication Towers based on Experimental Data
M.A. Silva, J.S. Arora and R.M.L.R.F. Brasil |

172 |
A Triangular Layered Plate Element for Nonlinear Structural Analysis
Y.X. Zhang, M.A. Bradford and R.I. Gilbert |

173 |
A Numerical Study of the Second Order Effects in Slender Concrete Columns
M.L. Romero, A. Bendito, J.L. Bonet, M.A. Fernandez and P.F. Miguel |

174 |
A Numerical Study of One-Way and Two-Way Concrete Walls with Openings
P. Hallinan and H. Guan |

175 |
Behaviour of High Strength Concrete Columns under Eccentric Loading
T. Hara and M.N.S. Hadi |

176 |
Hygro-Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of a Nuclear Power Plant Prestressed Concrete Reactor Vessel
J. Kruis, T. Koudelka, Z. Bittnar and M. Petkovski |

**XXXIX** | **COMPOSITE STRUCTURES** |

177 |
A Dynamic Finite Element for Vibration Analysis of Composite Circular Tubes
S.M. Hashemi and A. Roach |

178 |
A Methodology for Minimum Weight Optimal Design of Fibre-Reinforced Laminated Structures Accounting for Manufacturing Uncertainties
M. Walker and R. Hamilton |

179 |
Multilayered Timoshenko Beams with Interlayer Slip: Exact Solution
S. Schnabl, M. Saje, B. Cas, G. Turk and I. Planinc |

180 |
Dynamic Stiffness Formulation and Free Vibration Analysis of a Composite Beam
J.R. Banerjee and H. Su |

181 |
Development and Application of a Progressive Damage Approach to a Grid Structure Representative Volume Element
N. Tessitore and A. Riccio |

182 |
Finite Element Analysis of Tapered Fibre Reinforced Polymer Hollow Poles
J. Jung and A. Abolmaali |

**XL** | **MASONRY STRUCTURES** |

183 |
Nonlinear Analysis of Interlocking Mortarless Block Masonry Systems using the Finite Element Method
W.A.M. Thanoon, A.H. Alwathaf, J. Noorzaei, M.S. Jaafar and M.R. Abdulkadir |

184 |
Modelling of Textile Strengthened Masonry
I. Kalker, C. Butenweg, S. Holler and B. Toll |

185 |
A Micro-Mechanical Model for the Homogenized Limit Analysis of Out-Of-Plane Loaded Masonry Walls
G. Milani, P.B. Lourenço and A. Tralli |

186 |
An Assessment of the Collapse of the San Andrés Coastal Tower in Tenerife
O. Río, D. Theodossopoulos, M.P. de Luxán and F. Dorrego |

187 |
Non-linear Three-Dimensional Analysis of the Charles Bridge Exposed to Temperature Impact
J. ÂŠejnoha, J. Zeman, J. Novák and Z. Janda |

188 |
On Representative Volume Element Size for the Analysis of Masonry Structures
J. Novák, M. ÂŠejnoha and J. Zeman |

189 |
Analysis of Historical Masonry Structures using Three Dimensional Solid Elements
C.A. Syrmakezis, A.K. Antonopoulos and O.A. Mavruli |

190 |
Effective Material Parameters for Transport Processes in Historical Masonry Structures
J. Sýkora, J. Vorel, J. ÂŠejnoha and M. ÂŠejnoha |

191 |
Upper and Lower Bounds to the Collapse Load of Masonry Bridges Taking into Account Arch-Fill Interaction
A. Cavicchi |

192 |
Stability of No-Tension Masonry Walls having a Non-Linear Constitutive Law
I. Mura |

193 |
A Seismic Design Procedure for Masonry Buildings
M. Mistler and C. Butenweg |

194 |
Historical Structures Vulnerability Evaluation using Fragility Curves
C.A. Syrmakezis, A.K. Antonopoulos and O.A. Mavruli |

195 |
A Simplified Model for the Evaluation of the Seismic Behaviour of Masonry Buildings
I. Caliò, M. Marletta and B. Pantò |

**XLI** | **TIMBER STRUCTURES** |

196 |
Modelling of Timber Framed Shear Walls using Wooden Dowels
Z.W. Guan and C. Zois |

197 |
Simulating Occupant-Induced Vibrations of Wood Floors with Rotated Joists
A. Ebrahimpour, C.W. Winmill, H. Sadid and R.L. Sack |

198 |
Finite Element Modelling of Timber Joints Fastened with Double-Sided Punched Metal Plate Connectors
T. Zhou and Z. Guan |

199 |
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Composite Wood Beams
B. Cas, J. Lopatic, M. Saje, S. Schnabl and I. Planinc |

**XLII** | **CONTROL OF ENGINEERING STRUCTURES** |

200 |
An Effective Numeric Procedure for Seismic Response Analysis of Multistory Buildings with Active Control Systems
G. Agranovich, Y. Ribakov and B. Blostotsky |

201 |
Active Control Optimization of Structures using Genetic Algorithms
P. Rosko |

202 |
Experimental Tests and Numerical Simulations of Stiffened Pure Aluminium Shear Panels
G. De Matteis, A. Formisano, F.M. Mazzolani and S. Panico |

203 |
Fluid Viscous Damper Optimal Design for Seismic Protection of Bridges
S. Berton, T. Takahashi and Y. Sonoda |

204 |
Supplemental Hydraulic Dampers for Buildings
Y. Arfiadi and M.N.S. Hadi |

205 |
Active Control of High Rise Building Structures using Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms
H.H. Lavasani and S. Pourzeynali |

206 |
A Practical Approach to Install Viscous Dampers on Flexible Structures
K. Engelen, J. Anthonis and H. Ramon |

207 |
Signal Processing and Predictive Control of a Semi-Active Structural Control System
M.-H. Shih and W.-P. Sung |

208 |
Analysis and Modelling of the Energy Dissipation Behaviour of Velocity and Displacement Dependent Hydraulic Dampers
W.-P. Sung and M.-H. Shih |

209 |
Modelling and Design of Variable Friction Dampers for Improving Seismic Response of Structures
Y. Ribakov, B. Blostotsky and I. Iskhakov |

210 |
The Isolation Efficiency of the Dual-Trench System in a Three Dimensional Wave Propagation Problem
S.H. Tung, C.C. Yu, W.H. Lee and M.H. Shih |

**XLIII** | **EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND SEISMIC DESIGN** |

211 |
System Development for GIS-based Urban Loss Assessment in Low-to-Moderate Seismic Regions with a Case Study
M.J. Qiao and A.M. Chandler |

212 |
Pseudo Excitation Method for Seismic Random Vibration Analysis of Long-Span Structures
J.H. Lin, Y.H. Zhang and Y. Zhao |

213 |
Interoperability in an IFC-Compliant Integrated Earthquake Simulation
M. Hassanien and J. Inoue |

214 |
Using 3D GIS Information for Structural Modeling of a Metropolis
P. Zhu, Y. Fujino, M. Hori and J. Kiyon |

215 |
Seismic Resistance of Natural and Artificial Variable Stiffness Reinforced Concrete Buildings
I. Iskhakov and Y. Ribakov |

216 |
Evaluation of the Seismic Response of Liquid Storage Tanks
S. Bagheri, F.R. Rofooei and Y. Bozorgnia |

217 |
Using the Method of Total Least Squares for Seismic Correction
A.A. Chanerley and N.A. Alexander |

218 |
Structural Damage Estimation using Seismic and Spectral Parameters
A. Bakhshi, H. Tavallali and K. Karimi |

219 |
The Effects of Vertical Seismic Acceleration in Columns Supported by Beams
J. Lavado |

220 |
A Comparison of Input Energy in Different Lateral Force Resisting Systems
M. Tehranizadeh and M. Torabi |

221 |
Dynamic Analysis of Steel Tanks Subjected to Three-Dimensional Ground Motion
G. Fabbrocino, I. Iervolino and A. Di Carluccio |

222 |
Seismic Nonstationary Random Response of Multi-Supported Structures
Y.H. Zhang, J.H. Lin and Y. Zhao |

223 |
Fragility Based Life Cycle Loss Estimation Methodology for Critical Facilities
G.P. Cimellaro and C. Kafali |

224 |
Simulation of the Earthquake-Induced Pounding of Seismically Isolated Buildings
P. Komodromos |

225 |
Fuzzy Dynamic Structural Analysis of 2D Frames
P. ÂŠtemberk and J. Kruis |

226 |
Influence of the Soil Profile Uncertainty on the Tunnel - Layered Soil Interaction Subject to Seismic Acceleration
M. Badaoui and M.K. Berrah |

227 |
Kernel-Based Message Passing Interfaced Integrated Earthquake Simulation
M. Hassanien, J. Inoue, T. Ichimura and M. Hori |

228 |
The Effects of Near-Field Vertical Ground Motions on Structural Response
M. Tehranizadeh and M.S. Rahim Labafzadeh |

**XLIV** | **DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES** |

229 |
A Finite Element based Large Increment Method for Nonlinear Structural Dynamic Analysis
W. Barham, A.J. Aref and G.F. Dargush |

230 |
The Longitudinal Strength and Vibration of Model Ships
C.T.F. Ross and E. James |

231 |
Automated Multi-Level Substructuring for Nonlinear Eigenproblems
K. Elssel and H. Voss |

232 |
Three-dimensional Structural Dynamic Analysis using Parallel Direct Time Integration Methods
J.M. Alonso and V. Hernández |

**XLV** | **DYNAMICS OF BRIDGES: VIBRATION AND SEISMIC** |

233 |
Earthquake Engineering of the Zeceva Draga Bridge
A. Nizic, D. Mestrovic and J. Radic |

234 |
A Seismic Vulnerability Assessment System for Bridges
P. Renault, C. Butenweg and M. Mistler |

235 |
Dynamic Analysis of Train-Bridge Systems under Wind Action
H. Xia, W.W. Guo, N. Zhang and G.J. Sun |

236 |
Incoherent Ground Motion in Multi-Support Dynamics of Bridges
N.A. Alexander |

237 |
Effects of Train Speed, Load and Damping on the Dynamic Response of Railway Bridges
M. Majka and M. Hartnett |

238 |
A Numerical Assessment of the Use of Fluid Viscous Dampers to Reduce the Resonance Response of High-Speed Railway Bridges
M.D. Martinez-Rodrigo and P. Museros |

239 |
Dynamic Analysis of a Continuous Arch Bridge across the Yangtze River under High Speed Train Loading
N. Zhang, H. Xia and G.J. Sun |

240 |
Vibration of Shallow Suspension Footbridges under Walking Dynamic Loads
M.-H. Huang, D.P. Thambiratnam and N.J. Perera |

241 |
Fragility Analysis for the Bridge Control Benchmark Problem
F. Casciati, G.P. Cimellaro and M. Domaneschi |

**XLVI** | **BRIDGE ENGINEERING** |

242 |
Time Dependent Analysis of the Movable Scaffolding System
H.G. Kwak and J.K. Son |

243 |
To-Be Information Models for Maintenance of Concrete Highway Bridges
S. Kubota and I. Mikami |

**XLVII** | **SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION, DIAGNOSIS, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR** |

244 |
Development of an Information System for the Maintenance of Railway Embankments
Y. Sakamoto and Y. Itoh |

245 |
An Evaluation of the Application of Infrared Thermography in the Diagnosis of Civil Engineering Structures
R.R. Ramlogun, B. Picoux, L. Ulmet and C. Petit |

246 |
Dynamic Identification of RC Building No.5 of the College of Industrial Technology at Nihon University
T. Aoki, N. Yuasa, D. Sabia, D. Rivella and H. Muto |

247 |
Identification of Structural System Parameters by Haar Wavelets
S. Basak and B. Basu |

248 |
Model Identification of a Small-Scale Bridge using a Genetic Algorithm with Parallel Selection
J.L. Zapico, M.P. González and D.H. Bassir |

249 |
Increasing the Performance of a Reinforced Concrete Frame Strengthened using an Innovative Procedure
L. Anania, A. Badalà, S. Costa and C. Giaquinta |

**XLVIII** | **DAM ENGINEERING** |

250 |
Dam Safety Instrumentation Computer Program
R.L. Hill and L.L. Perrin |

251 |
Collapse Settlement of a Clay Core Rockfill Dam during the First Impoundment
F. Jafarzadeh, T. Heidari and A.R. Azami |

252 |
Inverse Analysis of an Embankment on Soft Clay using the Ensemble Kalman Filter
A. Hommels, F. Molenkamp, B. Nguyen and A.W. Heemink |

**XLIX** | **FOUNDATION ENGINEERING** |

253 |
An Elastoplastic Model for Geomaterials using the Modified Stress and Subloading Surface Concept and its Application to Bearing Capacity Problems
T. Nakai, M. Hinokio and S. Kurosaki |

254 |
Three Dimensional Bearing Capacity Analysis of Shallow Foundations Adjacent to Slopes
A.A. Mirghasemi and A.R. Majidi |

255 |
Impedance of Surface Footings on Layered Ground
L. Andersen and J. Clausen |

**L** | **GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING** |

256 |
Shear Rotation in Sub-Glacial Sediments
L.F. Gareau and F. Molenkamp |

257 |
Numerical Studies of 3D Passive Earth Pressures Induced by the Translation of a Rigid Rough Retaining Wall
S. Benmebarek, T. Khelifa and N. Benmebarek |

258 |
A Numerical Analysis of Seepage Failure in Stratified Soils within a Cofferdam
N. Benmebarek, S. Benmebarek and R. Kastner |

259 |
Analysis of the Expansive Behaviour of a Cavity with a Finite Boundary
C.S. Wu, Y.S. Hong and I.J. Chen |

260 |
Seismic Safety Evaluation of Liquefiable Embankments under a Strong Earthquake using Finite Element Approaches
C. Takahashi, F. Cai and K. Ugai |

261 |
Experimental Investigations to Monitor Swell and Loading Responses of Expansive Soil Due to Environmental and Loading Changes
V. Mohan and A.J. Puppala |

262 |
Computation and Validation of Rebound Characteristics of Layered Systems
U.F.A. Karim and A. Menkveld |

263 |
Numerical Modelling for Soil Nail Pullout Behaviour
Y.S. Hong, C.S. Wu and X.Z. Chen |

264 |
Dynamic Earth Pressures Acting on Buried Structures
G.A. Montalva and M. Van Sint Jan |

265 |
Analysis of Upheave Failure Induced by Deep Excavation using the Finite Element Method
T.C. Kung, C.Y. Ou and Y.G. Tang |

266 |
Evaluation of the Soil Initial Tangent Moduli (E0,G0) by the Shear Wave Propagation Method
J. Bencat |

267 |
Numerical Simulation of the Response of a Fine Medium Sand to Torsional Loading
A. Tsomokos and V.N. Georgiannou |

268 |
United States Capitol Visitor Centre: Diaphragm Wall Performance and Movement of the United States Capitol Building
G.A. Bonita |

**LI** | **SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION** |

269 |
Modelling Soil Structure Interaction of Shear Wall Systems using Super Elements
M.S. Jaafar, M. Paknahad, W.A. Thanoon and J. Noorzaei |

270 |
Response of Wind Turbines Including Soil-Structure Interaction
P.J. Murtagh, B. Basu and B.M. Broderick |

271 |
Soil-Structure Dynamic Interaction Effects in Buried Cylindrical Concrete Structures
R.A. Izadifard and M.R. Maheri |

272 |
Inelastic Analysis of Frame-Foundation-Soil Interaction Systems
W.A. Thanoon, J. Noorzaei, M.S. Jaafar and M.A. Al-Gorafi |

273 |
Local Site Conditions and Seismic Design of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
Y. Tsompanakis, P.N. Psarropoulos and Y. Karabatsos |

274 |
Probability of Failure of Tunnels with Circular Cross Section: A Comparison of Methods
C. Alarcón, I. del Rey, L. Hermanns and A. Fraile |

**LII** | **TUNNELING** |

275 |
Numerical Analysis of Soft Rock Tunneling in the Western Taiwan Area
K.J. Shou, Y.C. Chuang and Y.C. Liu |

276 |
Enhancing Numerically-Predicted Ground Movement Patterns due to Shield Tunnelling in Clays
T.T. Abdel-Fattah, A.Y. Akl, H.A. Hodhod and A.M. Abdel-Rahman |

277 |
Applicability of Elastoplastic Modelling for Simulating Tunnel Excavation in Lightly Overconsolidated Clay
T.T. Abdel-Fattah, A.M. Abdel-Rahman, A.Y. Akl and H.A. Hodhod |